Malaria, “or the King of Diseases,” is a parasitic disease that has greatly affected people all over the world, all through time. This year, approximately 250 million people will get malaria. One million will die. Most of these people will be under the age of five. One in 21 people on planet earth have malaria.
3.3 billion people live in places where they are in constant danger of getting malaria. Most cases of malaria occur in Sub-Saharan Africa, where people often live in substandard conditions, and lack the money to take sufficient anti-malaria efforts. 90% of all malaria related deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Why do mosquitoes bite people?
Both sexes of mosquito live off of nectar, however, nectar does not supply enough protein for female mosquitoes to lay their eggs. Therefore, female mosquitoes bite people and other animals for blood.
Why is malaria mostly found in tropical areas?
Mosquitoes need water to lay their eggs. As a result, malaria is most commonly found in tropical and subtropical regions. Malaria has become a serious issue all around the world, particularly in India, Africa, and South America. Due to their warmth and humidity, mosquitoes and the malarial parasite are common there, causing countless malaria related deaths each year. It is challenging to eradicate malaria because even slight changes in the environment can lead to devastating epidemics.
What kind of mosquitoes carry malaria? What kinds of malarial parasites do they carry?
Mosquitoes spread Plasmodium, the malarial parasite. Infected mosquitoes cause 250 to 500 million cases of malaria per year. One million of these cases will be fatal. The malarial parasites are carried by the Anopheles Mosquito, and are some of the most lethal and uncontrollable parasites known to human kind. Recently, scientists discovered a new type of mosquito that also carries malaria. This mosquito inhabits Western Africa and is very different from the Anopheles Mosquito. The malarial parasite itself, Plasmodium, comes in around 200 known species. Of these 200, 11 are known to infect humans.